Shabbat Swaps: Best Hacks When You’re Missing Ingredients

If you’re anything like the OneTable Team, you spend the week before each Shabbat dinner scouring the Internet (oh hey, Bon Appetit) for the perfect recipes to make your guests.

And if you’re anything like the OneTable Team, you might be having a hard time finding the ingredients you need to make the perfect meal right now, but you *can* cook with what you have!

Here are some key swaps you need whether you’re making challah, matzo ball soup, chocolate chip cookies or anything else.

GIF of Cher from Clueless wearing a bright pink robe and curlers in her hair, dropping a log of cookie dough onto a pan going into the oven.


Bread flour


All-purpose flour


Crushed pretzels or chips, crushed matzo


Honey, Agave


– Sourdough starter (make your own, here)

– This yeast-less @mandyliciouschallah challah recipe

Baking Powder

– Sour Milk (To substitute for 1 teaspoon baking powder, combine 1/2 cup sour milk and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda. Reduce the other liquids in the recipe by 1/2 cup to maintain the desired consistency. You can also make sour milk by adding 1 tablespoon lemon juice to 1 cup milk and letting it sit for 2 minutes.)

– Lemon juice or white wine vinegar (Use 1 teaspoon lemon juice or white vinegar plus a ¼ teaspoon baking soda to make 1 teaspoon of baking powder)

Baking Soda

Baking powder (Use 3x amount; 1 teaspoon baking soda, use 3 teaspoons baking powder)


Applesauce, ½ banana, or chia seeds + water


Coconut oil


Neutral oil (canola or vegetable)


Plain greek yogurt


1 cup milk of your choice + 1 teaspoon lemon juice or vinegar




Shallots, leeks


White wine vinegar


Figs, raisins


Frozen berries + chia seeds

Zoe is an experience designer, community builder, and food + beverage enthusiast. Raised between Los Angeles and New York City, she is fascinated by cities as well as the food, people, and ideas that fill them.

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